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A Technical Overview of Innovations in 2450 MHz Microwave Systems

2450 MHz or 2.45 GHz Microwave Systems have undergone remarkable innovations that have paved the way for enhanced performance and efficiency. It all started with vacuum tubes for microwave generation in the 1940s, popularly known as Magnetrons. Since then, it has functionally remained the same with minimal technological advancements to improve this vacuum tube technology.

Magnetron Vacuum Tubes

A magnetron is a high-powered vacuum tube that generates microwaves using the interaction of a stream of electrons with a magnetic field. This technology is the key component behind the operations of many systems, including microwave ovens and radars. Magnetrons have a set of limitations which makes it inefficient to use in processes that require high-quality precise microwave signals.

Magnetrons have a limited lifespan of 8000 to 12000 hours. It typically loses 30% of its maximum power over time, and it takes 15 to 20 minutes to warm up or cool down. They are prone to failure and very difficult to troubleshoot. Since it does not have a digital architecture that can be controlled by microprocessors, the processes are limited by what these systems can offer. Magnetrons are the right choice where heat is required in massive amounts for drying, sterilization, and biological waste disposal.

When it comes to processes like plasma chemical vapor deposition PCVD, where microwave signal quality is one of the factors determining plasma quality, magnetrons can barely fit the need. Nonetheless, it has been widely adopted in these PCVD processes for lab-grown diamonds and semiconductor processing due to the lack of a better alternative for all these years. System operators designed their daily operations around the limitations of magnetrons.

Innovations and Upgrades with 2450 MHz Microwave Systems

Advancements in Gallium Nitride Transistors have made it possible to develop robust and reliable microwave generators at 2.45 GHz frequency and power levels of 100kW by signal combining techniques. It is the solution to all the limitations that magnetrons pose in the current market. Traditionally, markets have shifted from tube-based technology to solid-state technology in different fields. An example of this is how the electron tube-based television advanced into a flat-screen using solid-state devices.

Key Features of Solid-State Microwave Generators

Solid-state microwave generators are the future and will dominate the microwave generation market within the next 5 years. Some of the key benefits are listed below.

  • Lifespan of over 100,000 hours
  • Precise frequency, power, and phase control
  • Stable microwave signals
  • High-speed microprocessors enable system control via software
  • Instant power and heat when required
  • No downtime or lost production due to RF device failure
  • No dangerous high voltages
  • In-built safety locks


These newest solid-state GaN-based high-power microwave generators are field-repairable and highly customizable. The 100% solid state/digital architecture makes it a modern and highly reliable product with built-in RF redundancy and smart power control. These compact laboratory units are perfect for use on a benchtop or can be easily integrated into existing heating systems.

The microwave systems can accommodate single-mode and multi-mode operations, making them suitable for handling solids and fluids. Stable and pure solid-state microwaves have substantial improvements in product quality in high-precision applications such as plasma generation for CVD diamonds and semiconductor coatings.

Elite RF is at the forefront of solid-state microwave technology. Our years of experience in designing RF amplification technology enables us to design a wide range of microwave generators at different frequency bands and power levels. Reach out to us today to learn more about the improved performance of 2450 MHz Microwave systems or to see how our new products can work for you.